WHO- Who is affected by Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes usually affects children and young adults, but it can affect anyone. It equally affects males and females and is not picky, but it does affect people who are Caucasian more than any other race. Children of Type 1 Diabetic fathers are more likely to develop type 1 diabetes than children whose mother has Type 1 Diabetes. The peak age for those affected with Type 1 Diabetes in the United States is fourteen, it is usually diagnosed before the age of forty but there are some exceptions. More than seven hundred thousand Americans have Type 1 Diabetes. Throughout all people diagnosed with Diabetes only ten percent of them have Type 1 Diabetes.
WHAT- What is Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disorder where the body does not produce insulin. In people who have Type 1 Diabetes there immune system leaves there body with no insulin because it attacks and destroys the insulin producing sells that are located in the pancreas. Having no insulin the sugar in the blood stream can not enter your cells, which causes the lowering of the blood pressure. When the blood pressure in the body drops the insulin production and release in the pancreas is slowed or stopped.
WHAT- Symptoms?
There are six major symptoms to watch for if you think you have Type 1 Diabetes, they are: Increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, weight loss, Fatigue and blurred vision.
1) Increased thirst and frequent urination is caused by the sugar in the blood stream pulling fluid from the surrounding tissue leaving you feeling dehydrated. The sugar pulls the liquid to itself because can not enter the cells. Do to this you feel dehydrated and drink more which causes you to need to use the rest room repeatedly.
2) Extreme Hunger is caused because your muscles and organs are not receiving the sugar they need to produce energy. So your body is telling you that it needs more nutrition to continue to function.
3) Weight loss is caused by just losing muscle that is not receiving the sugar that it needs to stay healthy and functional so the muscles will start to decease in size. This in turn looks like you are losing weight.
4) Fatigue is caused by not having the energy to move your muscles and for your organs to properly work. They can not function and work properly because they aren’t receiving the sugar that they need to work. This makes you feel grumpy and irritable.
5) Blurred vision is caused from the sugars in your blood stream pulling liquid to them. If they are pulling liquid to them and they are around your eyes then the liquid would be coming from your eyes and cause your eyes to start to blur.
WHERE- Where does Type 1 Diabetes affect your body?
Type 1 Diabetes affects your whole body from your eyes all the way down to your toes. It affects many of the organs in your body including the heart, kidney, pancreas and skin. It also affects blood vessels, nerves, muscles, tissue, and eye and more
1) It affects the organs in your body like the heart, kidney and the skin because they aren’t getting the energy and sugar that they need to function, because there is no insulin that will allow the sugar to be absorbed into the cells.
2) It is affecting your pancreas because that is where your immune system is attacking the cells that create your insulin supply. It is the root of the problem.
3) It is affecting your blood vessels because the sugar in your blood is not supposed to stay in your blood but be absorbed into your cells. It is stretching your blood vessels and not allowing the right amount of blood flow.
4) It is affecting your muscles and tissue because they are not able to create the energy to move your body and will continue to decrease until there is nothing left.
5) It also will be affecting your eye because all the liquid in your eyes is going to the sugar in your blood system causing your eyes to become blurry.


HOW- How does Type 1 Diabetes affect the body?
The body is affected in many ways. It affects many places in different ways like it affect the eyes and causes them to become blurry or even to go blind in one or both of them. It also causes the feet to become blistered and dry. It stops the sugar in the blood stream from being absorbed and in turn the muscles and tissues and organs that need that sugar to convert of to function correctly will not be able to access the needed sugar. It can cause your blood pressure to go sky rocketing and for you to feel faint. If this is not regulated you could have a heart attack or go into a coma. You could even die. Type 1 Diabetes also causes the blood to not move throughout the body consistently and the blood flow to the legs and arms would be greatly reduced.
WHEN- When does type 1 Diabetes first present itself?
Type 1 diabetes does not choose when to attack but is brought out because of something that happened. The cause is unknown for sure but is thought to be linked to genetics because if it runs in your family you might just get it. It sometimes starts after someone has been infected with a viral infection such as Mumps, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Measles, Influenza, Encephalitis, Polio, or Epstein-Barr virus. It can be brought out after these viral infections but will not always happen. Some people are more susceptible than others.
Other- What is some other useful information?
1) Insulin- there is many different kinds of insulin that can be taken to help with Type 1 Diabetes. People that have Type 1 Diabetes must take insulin if they are to live for any length of time. You can take insulin through a shot or have an insulin pump that you are constantly hooked up to. You can not take insulin orally because the acid in your stomach will destroy it before it has a proper amount of time to work. There are different insulin that are taken, you have: Rapid Acting insulin, Long acting insulin, or a mix of the two, Humulin R., Novolin R., Humulin N., Novolin N., Humalog, Novalog and Lantus.
2) Diet and activity- If you have type 1 Diabetes it would be good to eat more fruits and vegetables and whole grains while staying away from sodas and candy along with not eating as much meats. Activity is very advisable especially aerobic. It can’t hurt you. Stretching is also important to go.
3) If you have Type1 Diabetes you should have regular check ups with your doctor along with an eye doctor to make sure that nothing is happening that shouldn’t be. It is advised to stay up on all of your vaccines such as tetanus and to also get a flu shot each year. If your blood sugar levels get to low you should either drink something with a lot of sugar like apple juice or lemonade. Stay away form sodas. If you aren’t around anything that you can drink you can take a fast acting Glucose shot that is very much like an espy pen.
Bibliography:
www.diabetes.org/type-1-dibetees.jsp
www.mayoclinic.com/health/type-1-diabetes/DS00329
http://diabetes.webmd.com/guide/type-1-diabetes
http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/statistics/