Multiple Sclerosis

What is it Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis is a autoimmune disease in which your body's immune system eats away at the protective sheath that covers your nerves. This interferes with the communication between your brain and the rest of your body. Ultimately, this may result in demyelinating, which is permanent damage to the nervous system.

Who is affected?

Multiple Sclerosis affects many varieties of people. In the United States today, there are roughly 400,000 people with multiple sclerosis. Worldwide, MS is thought to affect more than 2.5 million people. While MS is not contagious or directly inherited scientists have identified factors in the distribution of MS such as, gender, genetics, age, geography, and ethnic background.
    • Gender

    • Men are 2-3 times more likely to be affected by MS than women.
    • Inheritance

    • Multiple Sclerosis is not directly inherited, but the risk is increased for anyone who has a close relative with the disease.
    • Age

    • Multiple Sclerosis is mostly diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 50, but it can appear in children, teens and adults.
    • Geography

    • Multiple Sclerosis is more common in northern areas (which are farther from the equator) and less common in areas closer to the equator. Researchers are investigating whether increased exposure to sunlight may have a protective effect on those living nearer to the equator.
    • Ethnic Background

    • Multiple Sclerosis is present in most ethnic groups, but is more common in Caucasians of northern European ancestry.

Where does it affect?
Active MS lesions
Active MS lesions

Multiple Sclerosis affects the ability of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord to communicate with each other. The immune system attacks a component of myelin in the central nervous system. Myelin is a fatty sheath that surrounds and protects nerve fibers. T-cells are then become sensitized to myelin and cross the blood-brain barrier into the central nervous system. Once in the central nervous system, the T-cells release chemicals that damage nerve fibers and bring more damaging immune cells to the site.


Multiple Sclerosis has no cure, but there are some methods to modify the course of the disease, as well as to treat symptoms of the disease, and improve body function.


Multiple Sclerosis has a plethora of symptoms, depending on individual cases, as well as the onset of the disease. Some include:


Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis, occurring in about 80% of people.

Walking, Balance, & Coordination Problems

Issues with mobility are common symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis.

Bladder Dysfunction

Bladder Disfuntion occurs in roughly 80% of affected individuals.

Bowel Dysfunction

Constipation, as well as loss of the bowels are both common symptoms.

Vision Problems

Often the first symptom that is shown during onset of Multiple Sclerosis, blurred vision and double vision are most common.

Dizziness and Vertigo

Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis often feel dizzy and lightheaded.

Sexual Dysfunction

Multiple Sclerosis affects the nervous system, so the neurologic pathways sexual arousal and stimulation can be nonresponsive.


Multiple Sclerosis has a high rate of producing chronic pain throughout the body.

Cognitive Function

Individuals affected with Multiple Sclerosis may have their ability to learn and remember information, organize, plan, and problem-solve, focus, maintain, and shift attention as necessary, understand and use language, accurately perceive the environment, and perform calculations greatly hindered.

Emotional Changes

Severe depressionand mood swings are common symptons of those alfflicted with Multiple Sclerosis
Muscle spasm of the eye


Muscle Spasms and involuntary muscle movement are very common symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis