Meniere's Disease

What it is
Also called Hydrops
It is an inner ear disorder that affects balance and hearing.
It was named after a French physician who first described the disease in 1861.

Symtoms:
~vertigo (abnormal movement feelings)
~dizziness
~hearing loss in either one ear or both
~ringing or noises in the ear
~sweating
~uncontrollable eye movement
~vomiting/nausea
~falling down due to sudden spells of disorientation (otolithic crisis of Tumarkin)
~being off balance
~migraines
~pressure in ears
~causes hair cell death
~causes mechanical changes to the ear


Who is affected
About 100,000 people develop Meniere's Disease each year.
It is most commonly found in people over 40 years old.
It is found equally between males and females.


Where it affects
Meniere's Disease is a disease that affects the inner ear.
It affects the entire labyrinth including the semicircular canals and the cochlea.

How it affects
It is caused by the swelling of the endolymphatic sac. The sac filters and removes fluid in the semicircular canals. The swelling is caused by fluctuating pressure of the fluid within the inner ear, which is called hydrops.
The cause is unknown. It may be caused by head injury or middle ear infection or syphilis. Some risk factors include: allergies, alcohol use, fatigue, recent viral illness, respiratory infection, smoking, stress, and the use of certain medications like aspirin. May also be caused by cervical spine problems or benign positional vertigo.
Genetics may also have an affect.

When the disease first presents itself
Meniere's disease first presents itself in men and women in their late thirties to middle age.
It usually starts in one ear and spreads later on.


Treatments
There is no cure for this disease. Treatment is used to reduce the pressure in the ear and relieve symtoms. Some treatments are:
~Medications (antihistimines)
~Water pills
~Medicines (antiemetics)
~Ear surgery
~Hearing aids

~Diet
~Meniett Device (noninvasive pressure pulse generator)

~Modifying personal habits (no smoking or caffeine)
~Regular exercise
~Stress Reduction


Links:

**Ear Surgery**
American Hearing



http://video.google.com/videosearch?q=meinere%27s+disease&hl=en&emb=0&aq=f#

http://www.foxnews.com/search-results/m/21910201/video-managing-meniere-s-disease.htm
Ear anatomy
Ear anatomy

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000702.htm
Normal Inner Ear external image membranous-labyrinth-scd.jpg
http://www.american-hearing.org/disorders/menieres/menieres.html
Tympanic membrane
Tympanic membrane

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000702.htm
Inner Ear with Meniere's external image engorged.jpg
http://www.american-hearing.org/disorders/menieres/menieres.html

References
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000702.htm
http://www.american-hearing.org/disorders/menieres.html
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ttp://www.earsurgery.org/site/pages/conditions/menieres-syndrome.php