Aplastic Anemia


What

Aplastic Anemia is a noncontagious disease that occurs when the victim's bone marrow stops producing sufficient numbers of new blood cells to replenish blood cells.
  • Symptoms

    • Fatigue
    • Pale Skin
    • Coldness in your hands or feet
    • Shortness of breath with exertion
    • Nosebleeds and bleeding gums
    • Bloody Stool
    • Prolonged bleeding from cuts
    • Chest Pain
    • Dizziness
    • Headache
    • Nausea
    • Skin Rashes

Who

Although people of all ages can be affected by aplastic anemia, it's most common in adolescents, young adults, and the elderly. Aplastic Anemia does not effect men more than women or vice versa. In the United States, about 500–1,000 people develop this type of anemia each year. Aplastic Anemia is two to three times more common in Asian countries, and those of Asian descent.
Your risk for aplastic anemia is increased if you have:
  • Been overexposed to certain toxins such as pesticides, arsenic, and benzene
  • Taken certain medicines or had radiation or chemotherapy treatment
  • Inherited blood disorders, certain infectious diseases, or autoimmune disorders.

Where

How

When

Aplastic Anemia can appear at any time but is most commonly present in adolesence and old age.

Treatment

Aplastic Anemia can be treated in a number of various ways. Treatments include blood and marrow stem cell transplants, blood tranfusions, and certain medicines. These medicines include bone marrow stimulants, immunosuppressants, antibiotics, and antivirals. Aplastic Anemia can in some cases be cured. In certain cases, blood and marrow stem cell transplants may cure the patient. In other cases, removing a known cause of aplastic anemia, such as exposure to a toxin, also may cure the condition.

Citations

Discussion Forum

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